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Tuesday, May 21, 2013

Bunga Pukul 4 or Mirabilis Japala or Marvel of Peru

Mirabilis jalapa (The four o'clock flower or marvel of Peru) is the most commonly grown ornamental species of Mirabilis, and is available in a range of colours. Mirabilis in Latin means wonderful and Jalapa is a not uncommon placename in Central and North America. Mirabilis jalapa is said to have been exported from the Peruvian Andes in 1540.

A curious aspect of this plant is that flowers of different colors can be found simultaneously on the same plant. Additionally, an individual flower can be splashed with different colors. Another interesting point is a color-changing phenomenon. For example, in the yellow variety, as the plant matures, it can display flowers that gradually change to a dark pink color. Similarly white flowers can change to light violet.
 
A four o'clock plant in full bloom.
 


Different color variation in the flower and different color flowers in same plant.
 
The flowers usually open from late afternoon onwards, then producing a strong, sweet-smelling fragrance, hence the first of its common names.
The plant does best in full sun. It grows to approximately 0.9 m in height. The plant will self-seed, often spreading rapidly if left unchecked in a garden. Some gardeners recommend that the seeds should be soaked before planting, but this is not totally necessary.
The flowers are used in food colouring. The leaves may be eaten cooked as well. An edible crimson dye is obtained from the flowers to colour cakes and jellies.In herbal medicine, parts of the plant may be used as a diuretic, purgative, and for vulnerary (wound healing) purposes. The root is believed an aphrodisiac as well as diuretic and purgative. It is used in the treatment of dropsy. The leaves are used to reduce inflammation. A decoction of them (mashing and boiling) is used to treat abscesses. Leaf juice may be used to treat wounds.
Powdered, the seed of some varieities is used as a cosmetic and a dye. However, please be careful when handling the seeds, they are considered poisonous.
 
Seeds are ready to pack for buyers.


 
 



 

3 comments:

  1. salam Lynn, banyaknya bunga, bermacam warna.Tahniah Lynn.

    ReplyDelete
  2. hi want to ask how to buy the seed from you? last time i planted some from sseds brought back from turkey but the plant died after some years. maybe due to soil condition.

    ReplyDelete
  3. hi want to ask how to buy the seed from you? last time i planted some from sseds brought back from turkey but the plant died after some years. maybe due to soil condition.

    ReplyDelete